We drive pass them every day. You know, buildings, homes, sheds, barns, garages, and such. Most folks probably don’t think about how they are constructed or what construction type they use. On the other hand, if you’re like memyou do and there are 6 construction types you should know.

That’s why the folks at GCLG offers you this information on how structures are built. I’m sure that you can figure out the difference between wood framed construction and light gauge steel framed construction, but are you familiar with joisted or load masonry and concrete frame methods?

When it comes to designing a structure, the construction type is chosen based upon a number of things, such:

  • Purpose of the structure – Let’s say that you want to build a detached garage to house extra an extra vehicle, a boat, and lawn equipment. In designing it you wouldn’t need a structure that’s going to support multiple floors, although you could include a room upstairs, so heavy construction methods won’t be needed.
  • Size of the structure – When building something larger than a garage or a house, say a grocery store or car dealer showroom, then a heavier construction type would be the choice. We’re talking open floor spaces without columns or inner walls and long spans of metal truss supported roofing.
  • Load bearing constraints – As buildings grow in height the loads that the structure must bear the increase. With that, the construction type must be strong enough to handle these loads. In this case, wood is probably not going to be the best choice when it comes to a structure with numerous floor levels.
  • Environmental Factors – If you’ve ever driven along a coastline you’ve probably seen that the buildings are elevated, to shelter the structure from tidal surges. Buildings in earthquake-prone areas also require that the appropriate construction type be used. Too stiff a structure and it cannot flex during the tremors.
  • Necessary Speed of Construction – If your building needs to be put up rapidly, there are construction types that can speed up the building process. These construction methods utilize pre-engineered methods, allowing for major parts to be dropped off at the construction site and quickly erected.
  • Cost of Materials – Of course, the cost of materials comes into play when choosing a construction type. There’s no need to spend money on an overbuilt structure.

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